Top 6 Threats to Your Penis and Sexual Health

by John Esposito
penile problems

To enjoy many years of satisfying and pleasurable sex, you have to take good care of your penis and pay close attention to your sexual health. It is important that you educate yourself about these threats — what they are, what they do, how to diagnose them, how to prevent them, and how to treat them — so as not to endanger your penis function and impair your sexual and reproductive capabilities,

Below are 6 examples of these common penis and sexual health threats in men:

1. Premature ejaculation

Premature ejaculation is a condition in which a man ejaculates sooner than he or his sex partner would like during sex. It is one of the most prevalent sexual health problems in men, and according to data, 1 in every 3 men has experienced this problem at some point in their lives. It can be caused by psychological factors, such as poor body image, worrying too much, and depression, and biological factors, such as a hormonal imbalance in the body, infection or inflammation of the urethra or prostate, and abnormal levels of neurotransmitters in the brain. To treat it, your doctor may recommend medications, topical anesthetics, counseling, or behavioral techniques, depending on the cause of your problem.

2.  Erectile dysfunction

problem with male sexual healthErectile dysfunction is a condition characterized as the inability to achieve and maintain an erection for sexual intercourse. Also called impotence, it is can be caused by some underlying condition, such as clogged blood vessels, high blood pressure, heart disease, high cholesterol, obesity, and diabetes, and psychological issues, such as stress, anxiety, and depression. To treat it, your doctor may recommend oral medications, injections, testosterone replacement therapy, surgery, or a major lifestyle change, depending on the cause of your erectile concerns.

3. Infertility

Infertility is a condition that occurs when a man has a low sperm count or an impaired sperm function and/or delivery. It can be caused by a variety of things, including infections, tumors, hormone imbalances, defects in the reproductive organs, chromosome defects, exposure to toxic chemicals, drug abuse, excessive alcohol intake, and smoking. To treat it, your doctor may recommend antibiotics, hormone treatments, or surgery, depending on the cause of the problem.

4. Sexually transmitted infections

Sexually transmitted infections are diseases generally acquired through sexual contact. They can be caused by viruses, bacteria, parasites, or other microorganisms, and are transmitted from one person to another through semen, vaginal fluid, blood, and other bodily fluids. Examples of widespread sexually transmitted infections that negatively impact your penis and sexual health are:

♦  Chlamydia

This is a sexually transmitted infection caused by bacteria called Chlamydia trachomatis. It can affect men and women of all ages, causing various kinds of signs and symptoms, including lower abdominal pains, odd discharge from the penis, painful urination, and testicular pain. To treat it, your doctor may prescribe antibiotics that need to be taken as a one-time dose or on a daily basis for one to two weeks.

♦  Gonorrhea

This is a sexually transmitted infection caused by bacteria called Neisseria gonorrhoeae. It can affect men and women of all ages and cause damage to the penis, urethra, throat, and rectum. Among its usual signs and symptoms are painful urination, swelling in the testicles, testicular pain, odd discharge from the penis, itching in the rectum, sore throat, and joint pain. To treat it, your doctor may give you an antibiotic prescription that can either be taken orally or injected.

♦  Syphilis

This is a sexually transmitted infection that is caused by bacteria called Treponema pallidum. It consists of several stages that involve different signs and symptoms. During the primary stage, a tiny sore called chancre will appear at the spot that served as the entryway of the bacteria into your body. After a few weeks, the second stage will begin, and rashes will start to appear on the palms of your hand and/or the soles of your feet, accompanied by a fever, the swelling of your lymph nodes, muscle aches, and hair loss. If you fail to get treatment, your infection will move on to the latent stage, and then finally to the tertiary stage, which will bring severe harm and damage to your heart, liver, bones, brain, joints, nerves, and other vital parts. To treat it, your doctor may recommend antibiotics, such as penicillin.

♦  HIV

HIV blood testThis sexually transmitted infection is a very dangerous condition that weakens your immune system. Also known as the Human Immunodeficiency Virus, it can be spread through unprotected sexual intercourse, contact with HIV infected blood, or from an infected mother to her baby during pregnancy, child delivery, or breast-feeding. Up to this day, there is no cure for HIV, but there are drugs and medications that you can take to manage the virus. Your doctor may recommend antiretroviral therapy (ART) or anti-HIV drugs like non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTIs) and nucleoside or nucleotide reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs).

5. Penile cancer

Penile cancer is a condition in which cancer cells appear in the tissues of your penis. Its common signs and symptoms are soreness, redness, or irritation on the penis, unusual discharge from the penis, and bleeding. It is highly likely to strike someone who has a history of human papillomavirus, is over 60 years old, has multiple sex partners, has terrible personal hygiene, and is a smoker. It is made up of several stages, with stage 4 as the last stage in which cancer has spread to the prostate, scrotum, lymph nodes, and even the liver or lung. To treat it, your doctor may recommend surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, or biologic therapy.

6. Prostate cancer

Prostate cancer is a condition in which cancer cells form in the prostate gland. It is one of the most widespread forms of cancer in men, and it triggers a number of signs and symptoms, including blood in the semen, bone pain, erectile issues, and pain and discomfort in the pelvic region. To treat it, your doctor may recommend surgery, hormone therapy, radiation therapy, biological therapy, or chemotherapy.

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